Child Development at 2 Years

Posture & Large Movements

  • Runs safely on whole foot, stopping and starting with ease and avoiding obstacles.
  • Squats to rest or to play with object on ground and rises to feet without using hands.
  • Walks backwards pulling large toy. Pulls wheeled toy by cord.
  • Climbs on furniture to look out of window or open doors, etc., and can get down again.
  • Walks upstairs and down holding on to rail and wall; two feet to a step.
  • Throws small ball without falling.
  • Walks into large ball when trying to kick it.
  • Sits astride large wheeled toy and propels forward with feet on ground.

Vision & Fine Movements

  • Picks up pins and thread, etc., neatly and quickly.
  • Removes paper wrapping from small sweet.
  • Builds lower of six cubes (or 6+).
  • Spontaneous circular scribble and dots when given paper and pencil.
  • Imitates vertical line (and sometimes V).
  • Enjoys picture books, recognising fine details in favourite pictures.
  • Turns pages singly.
  • Recognises familiar adults in photograph after once shown.
  • Hand preference becoming evident.
  • Immediately catches sight of, and names special miniature toys at 10 feet distance. Will now usually tolerate this test with each eye separately.
  • Watches and retrieves rolling balls 2 – 1/8 inches at 10 feet.

Hearing & Speech

  • Uses 50 or more recognisable words and understands many more.
  • Puts 2 or more words together to form simple sentences.
  • Refers to himself by name.
  • Talks to himself continually as he plays.
  • Echo(s) a almost constant, with one or more stressed words repeated.
  • Constantly asking names of objects.
  • Joins in nursery rhymes and songs.
  • Shows correctly and repeats words for hair, hand, feet, nose, eyes, mouth, shoe on request.
  • 6 toy test, 4 animals picture test.

Social Behaviour & Play

  • Lifts and drinks from cup and replaces on table.
  • Spoon-feeds without spilling.
  • Asks for food and drink. Chews competently.
  • Puts on hat and shoes.
  • Verbalises toilet needs in reasonable time.
  • Dry during day.
  • Turns door handles.
  • Often runs outside to explore.
  • Follows mother round house and copies domestic activities in simultaneous play.
  • Engages in simple make-believe activities.
  • Constantly demanding mother’s attention.
  • Clings lightly in affection, fatigue or fear.
  • Tantrums when frustrated but attention readily distracted.
  • Defends own possessions with determination.
  • As yet no idea of sharing.
  • Plays near other children but not with them.
  • Resentful of attention shown to other children.